Johns Hopkins University Secondary Support Initiative (JHUSSI)  

Biology - Analogies to Acquire Vocabulary


Cell structures and functions analogized to a city (Summit School, Inc., 2015).


Purpose of  Strategy/Approach


Use relevant analogies to activate prior knowledge and bridge it with new knowledge using metacognition thereby providing multiple means for students to represent comprehension.


Rationale of Lesson


Understanding of this topic is fundamental to understanding the makeup of living organisms and ultimately how the human body works. Cell structures and functions enable cells to function independently or as part of multicellular organisms. The interdependence of cell structures within a cell mirror the interdependence of organs to the well-being of the human body.


Acknowledgment of Content Expert and Consultants


Carlye Mascorro, Ladimae M. T. Daoayan, and Dr. Anila Asghar


  • Venn diagram or chart paper
  • pens/pencils