Johns Hopkins University Secondary Support Initiative (JHUSSI)  

RAP Strategy



Purpose of Strategy/Approach


Use the acronym mnemonic RAP to increase reading comprehension and recall of content area materials in complex text through focused attention on the main idea and key details within paragraphs of a passage and active engagement with the text by rephrasing the main idea and details into a student’s own words.


Rationale of Lesson


Students will compare the themes in poetry by poets (Arna Bontemps, Countee Cullen, William Waring Cuney, W.E.B. Du Bois, Langston Hughes, Georgia Douglas Johnson, James Weldon Johnson, Claude McKay, Melvin B. Tolson, and Jean Toomer) from the Harlem Renaissance through a variety of print, non-print, electronic, and other media to develop their ability to comprehend and critically interpret the poetry’s significance from a historical and or cultural context.


Acknowledgment of Content Expert and Consultants


Pam Mayette and Dr. Mary Ellen Beatty-O’Ferrall


  • RAP slide
  • RAP poster (at least one)
  • copies of RAP that can fit on an index card
  • index cards
  • glue sticks
  • tape
  • overhead projector or computer with projector
  • tape recorders (optional)
  • English journals (optional)

References and Web Resources


RAP Strategy References and Web Resources