Johns Hopkins University Secondary Support Initiative (JHUSSI)  

Paired Associates Strategy



Purpose of Strategy / Approach


Use reciprocal teaching through comprehension strategy instruction to improve reading and listening comprehension by teaching students to utilize four strategies usually used by expert readers to improve how students interact with the text and to develop their problem-solving skills.


Rationale of Lesson


Students will examine through a variety of print, non-print, electronic, and other media the effects of “cultural integration” described in The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan, an Asian American author, to develop their understanding of and grapple with the conflicts inherent in the fusion of Chinese and American cultures as well as to explore the themes, motifs, and symbolism in mother-daughter relationships.


Acknowledgement of Content Expert and Consultants


Pam Mayette and Dr. Mary Ellen Beatty-O’Ferrall


  • copies of The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan in the unabridged text version, abridged sound recording (of the author published by Dove Audio in 1989 available on two cassette tapes or an audio compact disk running 3 hours long), and the movie version released by Hollywood Pictures in 1993
  • overhead projector or computer with projector
  • Paired Associates Strategy slide
  • Paired Associates Strategy poster (at least one)
  • copies Paired Associates Strategy pamphlet that can fit on an index card
  • index cards
  • glue sticks
  • tape
  • English journals or pieces of paper
  • pencils and or pens
  • model of talking aloud how to apply Paired Associates Strategy
  • Paired Associates Strategy flashcards
  • computer(s) with Microsoft Excel software
  • graph paper
  • colored markers
  • highlighters