Johns Hopkins University Secondary Support Initiative (JHUSSI)  

Reciprocal Teaching



Purpose of Strategy


Use reciprocal teaching through comprehension strategy instruction to improve reading and listening comprehension by teaching students to utilize four strategies usually used by expert readers to improve how students interact with the text and to develop their problem-solving skills.


Rationale of Lesson


Students will examine through a variety of print, non-print, electronic, and other media the effects of “cultural integration” described in The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan, an Asian American author, to develop their understanding of and grapple with the conflicts inherent in the fusion of Chinese and American cultures as well as to explore the themes, motifs, and symbolism in mother-daughter relationships.


Acknowledgement of Content Experts


Pam Mayette and Dr. Mary Ellen Beatty-O’Ferrall


  • copies of The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan in the unabridged text version, abridged sound recording (of the author published by Dove Audio in 1989 available on two cassette tapes or an audio compact disk running 3 hours long), and the movie version released by Hollywood Pictures in 1993
  • Joy Luck Club Reading Comprehension Assessment
  • Scoring Key for Joy Luck Club Reading Comprehension Assessment
  • Reciprocal teaching slide; and Reciprocal teaching poster (at least one)
  • copies of Reciprocal teaching pamphlet that can fit on an index card
  • index cards
  • glue sticks
  • tape
  • overhead projector or computer with projector
  • pencils and or pens
  • note card (with one of the following four roles written on it: Questioner, Clarifier, Predictor, and Summarizer and the Reciprocal teaching pamphlet on the other)
  • Reciprocal teaching note taking sheet
  • Reciprocal teaching worksheet
  • model talking aloud using all four strategies below
  • a model of completing a reciprocal teaching worksheet
  • a model of completing reciprocal teaching note taking sheet
  • English journals or pieces of paper
  • computer(s) with Microsoft Excel software
  • graph paper
  • pencils
  • colored markers
  • highlighters
  • dictionary in book form
  • computers providing access to dictionary over the internet

References and Web Resources


Reciprocal Teaching References and Web Resources